Coming soon- JHND vol 23 (3)

Image

The provisional running order for the May/June issue of JHND will be as follows:

Review article.

Green: Barriers and facilitators to undertaking nutritional screening of patients: a systematic review.

Nutritional Science.

Spearing: Nutritional composition of commonly consumed composite dishes from rural villages in Empangeni, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.

Lopes: Factors associated with the calibration of a food frequency questionnaire of the Bambui Project, Brazil.

Francis: Validity and test retest reliability of a short dietary questionnaire to assess intake of saturated fat and free sugars: a preliminary study.

Public Health Nutrition and Epidemiology.

Madden: A kitchen-based intervention  to improve nutritional intake from school lunches in children aged 12-16 years.

Zhang: Changes in skinfold thickness and body composition in children and adolescents in Shandong China, from 1995 to 2010.

Smpokos: Differences in food consumption according to weight status and physical activity levels among Greek children between 1992/1993 and 2006/2007.

Clinical Nutrition.

Munk: A 24 h a la carte food service as support for patients at nutritional risk: a pilot study.

Bovio: Energy balance in haemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis patients assessed by a 7-day weighed food diary and a portable armband device.

Cohen: Impact of two pulmonary enteral formulations on nutritional indices and outcomes.

Milani: Acquisition and utilisation of anthropometric measurements on admission in a paediatric hospital before and after the introduction of a malnutrition screening tool.

Dietetic Professional Practice.

Stanley: Extended roles and the dietitian: community adult enteral tube care.

Current Literature

Jeanes: Current literature

All of these papers are already published online and can be downloaded from our Early View site.

Early view- Food, nutrition and slimming in British women’s magazines

Barker and colleagues have published a pair of papers which document the dietary messages conveyed in British women’s magazines between the 1950s and 1990s. The papers are now available on Early View.

Image

Nutrition claims in British women’s magazines from 1940 to 1955

Background

The present study examined dietary messages conveyed in articles and advertising in two popular British women’s magazines, Woman and Home and Woman’s Own, between 1940 and 1954.

Methods

A qualitative analysis of written content was performed, focusing on regularities evident in content, and addressing the construction of the role of women in relation to food provision, as well as assertions for nutritional health. The setting comprised a desk-based study. The study sample encompassed 37 magazines, and yielded a corpus of 569 articles concerned with food or dietary supplements, of which 80.1% were advertisements.

Results

Ministry of Food dietary advice featured prominently up to 1945 and advocated food consumption according to a simple nutrient classification. Advertising and article content also used this classification; advocating consumption of food and supplements on the grounds of energy, growth and protection of health was customary. Providing food to meet nutritional needs was depicted as fundamental to women’s war effort and their role as dutiful housewives. Advertising in 1950s magazines also focused on nutritional claims, with a particular emphasis on energy provision.

Conclusions

These claims reflected the prevailing food policy and scientific understanding of nutritional health. This analysis of food messages in women’s magazines provides lessons for contemporary nutrition policy.

Image

Food, nutrition and slimming messages in British women’s magazines, 1950–1998

Background

The present study examined temporality in the representation of food in two popular British women’s magazines between 1950 and 1998.

Methods

A quantitative content analysis of (i) prevalence of cooking, slimming, nutrition advice in articles; (ii) prevalence of food advertising by food type; and (iii) likelihood of various nutrition and consumer messages in advertising was performed on a sample comprising 200 magazines, with 3045 advertisements and 88 articles.

Results

The prevalence of food advertisements decreased (P < 0.001), whereas food articles increased, across decades (P < 0.001). Cooking tips dominated 1950s food writing (100%), contrasting with miniscule coverage in the 1990s (5%). Slimming advice was not represented in 1950s articles and was most common in 1970s articles (55% of articles). Food advertising for all food types decreased in the 1990s decade. There were greater bread and cereals (P < 0.001), protein foods (P = 0.001) and dairy (P < 0.001) advertising in later decades; advertising for sugar- and fat-rich foods (P < 0.001), condiments and baking ingredients (P < 0.001) and beverages (P < 0.001) was greater in earlier decades. Odds of advertising claims for energy, easy digestion, nourishment, general health, economy, good for family (allP < 0.01), pleased others (P = 0.017) and convenience (P = 0.031) were greater in the 1950s and decreased thereafter. Claims around taste and quality were highest in the 1960s (all P < 0.01). Mineral, additive-free, and protein claims were most likely to be invoked in 1970s advertising (all P < 0.01). Low-fat, low-calorie and fibre claims peaked in the 1980s (all P < 0.01), whereas the odds of specific fat claims was greatest in the 1990s (P = 0.015).

Conclusions

Representation of food resonated with prevailing food culture but was not always congruent with nutrition policy.

Image

A day in the life

A day in the life

I have completed my first quarter as editor of JHND and having spent some time reflecting on how things are going, I have to declare myself fairly pleased. It has proved to be a lot of work, but has been immensely satisfying to see the journal go through some changes, which I hope are for the better. Engagement with this sort of social media experience has been an important part of all this. It has hugely widened the circle of people I interact with and, hopefully, is maintaining the visibility of the journal.

Now, being JHND editor is of course just one string to my bow. I thought it may be of interest to look at a day in the life of the JHND Editor. Today is a Monday and so things are slightly different to most days. Monday is the day I set aside for journal work. To be honest I do work on the journal every day, but Mondays are when I try to catch up on blogs, strategic thought, planning and such like. I get I to the office at 7:30 today and the journal is first on the list. I log on to the system and check for routine actions. Early in the day it will just be decisions. There are two papers awaiting decisions today. One is an acceptance but for the other, the associate editor has recommended rejection. A look at the reviewer comments confirm this as the right decision, so I action it.

That done, it is coffee time. I run on coffee and set a full 10 cup jug going for the day. I will drink it all. It is the first day of term today and the students are returning. Our final years have to submit their dissertations soon and panic is in the air. I spend an hour or so reading and correcting drafts and also take a look at a final draft of an abstract that a PhD student will submit to Nutrition Society for the Summer Meeting. Another PhD student is just starting to produce key sections of her thesis, so there is some material from her to look at. I feel guilty as I should have done it last week, but other things got in the way. Everything is done at high speed, something that I regret hugely but to just get through my work each day I have to give most things only about 25% of my attention. The constant juggling of teaching, research and admin is the scourge of modern academic life.

Having completed those important tasks, I really have to take a few minutes to tidy up. My desk is an absolute tip, covered in post-it notes and scrap paper, mostly carrying reminders to do things, or lists of priorities from last week. The rest of the office is a mess too, but I force myself to ignore that until a quieter day. Next on the list for today is a meeting with my boss to look at some important management issues for the School (being Deputy Head of School is an entertaining part of my work portfolio) and then I am back in the office and into teaching mode. I have 7 lectures to give this week and whilst I have them prepared and ready to go, I am not “ready”. I always have to spend some time going through my notes getting the performance set up. I work on two for Tuesday and that sees me to lunch, taken at my desk with no break other than to loaf the Internet for a bit. I then remember that I am giving a seminar in Milan in a few weeks time and that I need to prepare some new slides for that. Most seminars are compiled by recycling material from previous talks, but this one requires a fair amount of new information.

Early afternoon I recheck the JHND site to see if any new manuscripts have come in over the weekend. There are three. Two of them look potentially interesting and I allocate them to Associate Editors to manage the review process. The other is clearly of low quality and not in a priority area for the journal, so I reject it without review. I have made myself AE for one of the papers so I have to find referees. I always try to allocate four for each paper, which takes quite a while in order to get the right profile of experts. Fingers crossed that the chosen ones will agree and will act swiftly.

It being a Monday the day ends early as it is my turn to collect the children from school. The day isn’t really done though. I juggle email whilst cooking the tea and the evening sees me trying to keep my head above water with the constant inflow of email demands, and of course writing this blog.

The picture is, of course, the sleeve from the Beatles single A Day in the Life, which is by far the most interesting track on Sgt Peppers.

Early view- Weight loss expectations and body dissatisfaction in young women attempting to lose weight

Weight loss expectations and body dissatisfaction in young women attempting to lose weight 

M. Siervo, C. Montagnese, E. Muscariello, E. Evans, B. C. M. Stephan, G. Nasti, A. Papa, E. Iannetti, A. Colantuon

 

Image

 

Background

Unrealistic weight loss expectations (WLEs) and greater body dissatisfaction may be associated with the poor long-term outcomes of dietary and lifestyle weight loss treatments. We evaluated the association between body size, WLEs and body dissatisfaction in young women attempting to lose weight.

Methods

Forty-four young healthy women [age range 18–35 years, body mass index (BMI) range 23–40 kg/m2] were recruited. Women were classified as obese (BMI ≥ 30.0 kg/m2) and non-obese (BMI <30.0 kg/m2). The Body Dissatisfaction scale of the Eating Disorder Inventory-2 and the Body Image Assessment for Obesity silhouette charts were used to assess body dissatisfaction. WLEs were categorised according to personal (ideal, happiness, satisfaction, weight history), lifestyle (fitness) and social (career, family acceptance, peer acceptance, mass media, social pressure) factors. Individual WLEs were compared with recommended clinical targets (5%, 10% and 20%) for weight loss.

Results

Body dissatisfaction was lower in non-obese subjects and was directly associated with BMI (< 0.05). WLEs were directly associated with BMI and the obese group reported greater expectations. Five non-obese subjects (23%) desired to lose more than 20% of their body weight, whereas the proportion was significantly higher in the obese group (17 subjects; 74%). Subjects derived the greatest WLEs from mass media, whereas they perceived that family and friends were supportive of a lesser degree of weight loss.

Conclusions

We observed a mismatch between clinical and personal expectations, and social pressure and interpersonal relationships appear to have a prominent role with respect to influencing the association.

 

Link

Have you seen the April issue of JHND?

Have you seen the April issue of JHND?

The April edition of JHND is available on the journal website. Contents are:

Systematic review of randomised controlled trials of the effects of caffeine or caffeinated drinks on blood glucose concentrations and insulin sensitivity in people with diabetes mellitus (pages 111–125) N. Whitehead and H. White

Using a wiki platform to promote guidelines internationally and maintain their currency: evidence-based guidelines for the nutritional management of adult patients with head and neck cancer (pages 182–190) T. Brown, M. Findlay, J. von Dincklage, W. Davidson, J. Hill, E. Isenring, B. Talwar, K. Bell, N. Kiss, R. Kurmis, J. Loeliger, A. Sandison, K. Taylor and J. Bauer