Seeking a new Commissioned Reviews Editor- are you interested?

The Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics is an international peer-reviewed journal publishing original research papers and reviews in applied nutrition and dietetics, focussing on: nutritional science; clinical nutrition; public health nutrition and epidemiology; and dietetic professional practice. The editorial board consists of international experts from these disciplines. The journal is indexed in numerous databases including Medline (PubMed) and Embase and last year articles from the journal were downloaded over 300,000 times by readers from all over the world. Our impact factor is increasing and we have ambitions to improved manuscript quality, readership and citation over the coming years and have developed a strategy to achieve this.

With this goal in mind we are seeking to appoint a Commissioned Reviews Editor. The role will involve:

  • Identifying topics for review papers that will likely be highly read and highly cited;
  • Identifying world leaders in these topics and invite them to write a review on it;
  • Liaise with authors so that commissioned reviews are submitted to an agreed deadline;
  • Once submitted, to act as editor of the commissioned reviews, including managing the manuscripts through the peer-review process on the ScholarOne platform.
  • Perform other duties as required of a member of the editorial board

The Commissioned Reviews Editor will work closely with the Editor-in-Chief (Prof Simon Langley-Evans, University of Nottingham), the Associate Editor-in-Chief/Unsolicited Reviews Editor (Prof Kevin Whelan, King’s College London) and the other members of the editorial board.

The ideal candidate will be a researcher in an academic or clinical academic position with a PhD and research programme in a relevant area (e.g. nutrition science; clinical nutrition; public health nutrition and epidemiology; or dietetic professional practice). Applicants should have experience of publication in peer-reviewed journals and good international professional networks. However, what is most important is that the post holder has an understanding of the topics in nutrition that are important to researchers/practitioners and that are likely to be well cited. Good organisation skills, attention to detail and fluency in English language are essential requirements. This is a significant task and it is important that the successful candidate can commit some time each week to undertaking journal duties. Therefore this is an ideal opportunity for an ambitious researcher to develop skills as a journal editor.

A modest honorarium is available for the position.

A full CV together with a 1 page summary (describing the reasons you would like this position and what skills you would bring) should be sent to simon.langley-evans@nottingham.ac.uk and kevin.whelan@kcl.ac.uk . Closing date 28th November 2014.

Refeeding syndrome and student dietitians

Agreement between student dietitians’ identification of refeeding syndrome risk with refeeding guidelines, electrolytes and other dietitians: a pilot study

Matthews et al., JHND Early View

Background

Limited research exists concerning how consistently and accurately student and newly-graduated dietitians are identifying refeeding syndrome risk in hospitalised patients. The present study aimed to determine the consistency of students’ and newly-graduated dietitians’ classification of refeeding syndrome risk, as well as agreement with the application of comparison tools such as the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidelines, patients’ electrolytes and supplementation, and clinical dietitians previously surveyed.

Methods

Recently-graduated and final-year Griffith University dietetics students were invited to complete an online survey. The survey questioned demographics and asked respondents to classify the level of refeeding syndrome risk (i.e. none, some, high, unsure) in 13 case studies. Electrolytes and supplementation data were sourced from electronic patient records. Chi-squared tests, t-tests and linear regression analyses were conducted.

Results

Fifty-three eligible people responded [n = 53 of 112, mean (SD) age 26 (4) years, 89% female, 34% graduates]. Respondents’ answers were generally more consistent and more likely to agree with comparison tools when two tools showed the same level of refeeding syndrome risk (49–98%, β = 0.626–1.0994, P < 0.001) than when they differed (11–49%). Respondents’ level of agreement with refeeding identification guidelines, electrolyte levels, supplementation and dietitians previously surveyed did not differ by graduate status, degree level, clinical placement status or having read refeeding syndrome guidelines recently (P > 0.05).

Conclusions

Students’ and new graduates’ identification of refeeding syndrome risk improved when there was consistency between guidelines, electrolytes and dietitians’ responses. More research is needed to improve the evidence behind refeeding guidelines, with the aim of enhancing the accuracy and consistency of assessment.

Vitamin D and muscle strength

Vitamin D and muscle strength throughout the life course: a review of epidemiological and intervention studies

McCarthy and Kiely, JHND Early View

The putative role of vitamin D in muscle function and strength throughout the life course is of interest because muscle strength is required for engagement in physical activity at all ages. As vitamin D deficiency is widely reported in the population, especially in countries at high latitude, the potential importance of vitamin D in muscle function throughout life, and the potential impacts on growth and development, participation in physical activity, and effects on skeletal and cardio-metabolic health, comprise an important topic for discussion. This review provides an overview of muscle function and summarises the role of the vitamin D receptor and the proposed molecular mechanisms of action of vitamin D in muscle cells. In addition, the review provides a comprehensive assessment of the clinical evidence surrounding the association between vitamin D and muscle strength. Among adults, particularly older adults, cross-sectional and cohort studies reported a positive association between vitamin D status and muscle strength. These associations have been largely confirmed by intervention studies. Limited research has been carried out in adolescents and children; two cross-sectional studies in adolescents have suggested an association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations and muscle strength. However, the two intervention studies in adolescents have yielded conflicting results. Other than a single observational study, data in young children are very limited and further investigation in under 12-year-olds is warranted.

Obesity- it’s in your neighbourhood

The spatial clustering of obesity: does the built environment matter?

Huang et al., JHND Early View

Background

Obesity rates in the USA show distinct geographical patterns. The present study used spatial cluster detection methods and individual-level data to locate obesity clusters and to analyse them in relation to the neighbourhood built environment.

Methods

The 2008–2009 Seattle Obesity Study provided data on the self-reported height, weight, and sociodemographic characteristics of 1602 King County adults. Home addresses were geocoded. Clusters of high or low body mass index were identified using Anselin’s Local Moran’s I and a spatial scan statistic with regression models that searched for unmeasured neighbourhood-level factors from residuals, adjusting for measured individual-level covariates. Spatially continuous values of objectively measured features of the local neighbourhood built environment (SmartMaps) were constructed for seven variables obtained from tax rolls and commercial databases.

Results

Both the Local Moran’s I and a spatial scan statistic identified similar spatial concentrations of obesity. High and low obesity clusters were attenuated after adjusting for age, gender, race, education and income, and they disappeared once neighbourhood residential property values and residential density were included in the model.

Conclusions

Using individual-level data to detect obesity clusters with two cluster detection methods, the present study showed that the spatial concentration of obesity was wholly explained by neighbourhood composition and socioeconomic characteristics. These characteristics may serve to more precisely locate obesity prevention and intervention programme