Dietary patterns and all-cause mortality

Adherence to the Healthy Eating Index and Alternative Healthy Eating Index dietary patterns and mortality from all causes, cardiovascular disease and cancer: a meta-analysis of observational studies Onvani et al., JHND Early View Background This meta-analysis investigated the association of diet quality indices, as assessed by HEI and AHEI, and the risk of all-cause, cardiovascular and … Continue reading Dietary patterns and all-cause mortality

Development and validation of a quantitative snack and beverage food frequency questionnaire for adolescents

Development and validation of a quantitative snack and beverage food frequency questionnaire for adolescents De Cock et al., JHND Early View Background A short, reliable and valid tool to measure snack and beverage consumption in adolescents, taking into account the correct definitions, would benefit both epidemiological and intervention research. The present study aimed to develop a … Continue reading Development and validation of a quantitative snack and beverage food frequency questionnaire for adolescents

Clinical evaluation of obese teenagers-relating anthropometry to disease risk indicators

Body composition of obese adolescents: association between adiposity indicators and cardiometabolic risk factors Araujo et al., JHND Early View Background The association between obesity during adolescence and the increased risk of cardiometabolic diseases indicates the need to identify reproducible and cost effective methods for identifying individuals who are at increased risk of developing diseases. The present … Continue reading Clinical evaluation of obese teenagers-relating anthropometry to disease risk indicators

Genotype-specific responses to weight loss diets

Polymorphism of neuropeptide Y gene rs16147 modifies the response to a hypocaloric diet on cardiovascular risk biomarkers and adipokines De Luis et al., JHND Early View Background The main genetic variant described in NPY gene is rs16147 (G-399A) and it is located within the promoter region upstream of the gene for neropeptide Y (NPY). We evaluate the effects … Continue reading Genotype-specific responses to weight loss diets

Is there an association between dietary intake and academic achievement?

Is there an association between dietary intake and academic achievement: a systematic review Burrows et al., JHND Early View Background The majority of literature examining the effect of dietary behaviour on academic achievement has focused on breakfast consumption only. Here, we aim to systematically review the literature investigating the broader effects of dietary intake and behaviours … Continue reading Is there an association between dietary intake and academic achievement?

Green tea and the post-prandial insulin response in obese women

Green tea extract and catechol-O-methyltransferase genotype modify the post-prandial serum insulin response in a randomised trial of overweight and obese post-menopausal women Dostal et al., JHND Early View Background Green tea extract (GTE) may be involved in a favourable post-prandial response to high-carbohydrate meals. The catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) genotype may modify these effects. We examined the acute effects … Continue reading Green tea and the post-prandial insulin response in obese women