Food addiction and binge eating are associated with anxiety and depression

Screen Shot 2018-01-25 at 08.22.08

Food addiction and associations with mental health symptoms: a systematic review with meta-analysis

Burrows et al., JHND Early View unknown


The present study systematically reviewed the literature aiming to determine the relationships between food addiction, as measured by the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS), and mental health symptoms.


Nine databases were searched using keywords. Studies were included if they reported: (i) YFAS diagnosis or symptom score and (ii) a mental health outcome, as well as the association between (i) and (ii). In total, 51 studies were included.


Through meta-analysis, the mean prevalence of food addiction diagnosis was 16.2%, with an average of 3.3 (range 2.85–3.92) food addiction symptoms being reported. Subanalyses revealed that the mean number of food addiction symptoms in populations seeking treatment for weight loss was 3.01 (range 2.65–3.37) and this was higher in groups with disordered eating (mean 5.2 3.6–6.7). Significant positive correlations were found between food addiction and binge eating [mean r = 0.602 (0.557–0.643), P < 0.05], depression, anxiety and food addiction [mean r = 0.459 (0.358–0.550), r = 0.483 (0.228–0.676), P < 0.05, respectively].


A significant, positive relationship exists between food addiction and mental health symptoms, although the results of the present study highlight the complexity of this relationship.

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s