Dietetic intervention plays a key role in optimising maternal and neonatal health outcomes for women with gestational diabetes

Associations of dietetic management with maternal and neonatal health outcomes in women diagnosed with gestational diabetes: a retrospective cohort study

 

Screen Shot 2019-07-22 at 09.25.49.png

Absalom et al., JHND Early View unknown

Background

In 2010, the recommended diagnostic thresholds for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) were amended, which has increased GDM diagnoses, as well as pressure on the services involved in GDM management, specifically impacting dietetic workloads. The present study examined the associations between dietetic intervention in women with GDM and maternal and neonatal health outcomes.

Methods

The present study involved 1233 adult women with GDM who delivered at The Royal Women’s Hospital (RWH), Melbourne, Australia, between July 2015 and May 2017. Retrospective data assessing GDM‐care (therapy type, diagnosis time and model of care, maternal and neonatal health outcomes, and outpatient dietetic consultations) were retrieved from patient medical records. Unadjusted and adjusted linear and logistic regression were used to assess associations of GDM care dietetic intervention and GDM care and dietetic intervention with maternal and neonatal health outcomes.

Results

Women receiving dietetic intervention had a decreased likelihood of infant admission to the neonatal intensive care unit or special care nursery than women who not receiving dietetic intervention [adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 0.41, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.22–0.75; P = 0.004). Women requiring pharmacotherapy were more likely to experience maternal complications (adjusted OR = 3.13, 95% CI = 2.23–4.41; P < 0.001) and had a greater number of dietetic consultations (β‐coefficient = 0.28, 95% CI = 0.17–0.39; P < 0.001) compared to women managed through diet.

Conclusions

Dietetic intervention plays a key role in optimising maternal and neonatal health outcomes for women with GDM. Exploring further the impact of dietetic intervention in women diagnosed with GDM is key with respect to understanding the optimal delivery of care for these women. The type and number of consultations included in a dietetic intervention should be investigated further.

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s