A large proportion of women, who may become pregnant, have diets of high dietary energy density.

Latter et al., JHND Early View Introduction An optimal diet is imperative in preparing women for pregnancy and this may be influenced by socio‐economic status (SES). This research aims to investigate the role of SES on the dietary energy density (ED) in Australian women of preconception age. Methods A secondary analysis of the Australian National Nutrition … Continue reading A large proportion of women, who may become pregnant, have diets of high dietary energy density.

Schofield equations provide the most accurate prediction of resting energy expenditure

Chima et al., JHND Early View  Background Resting energy expenditure (REE) estimates are often needed in young people and can be predicted using prediction equations based on body weight. However, these equations may perform poorly in those who are obese and overweight. The aim of this systematic review was to identify equations based on simple anthropometric … Continue reading Schofield equations provide the most accurate prediction of resting energy expenditure

Decisions concerning the healthfulness of food products are significantly influenced by sugar content.

Anabtawi et al., JHND Early View  Background Although traffic light labelling (TLL) is designed to aid the selection of healthier choices, consumers often have to make trade‐offs between (un)desirable attributes. With the current emphasis of public health on sugar reduction, the present study aimed to investigate the relative influence of sugar on the perceived healthiness of … Continue reading Decisions concerning the healthfulness of food products are significantly influenced by sugar content.

Fallaize et al., JHND Early View Background Food bank use has increased significantly in the UK. With the rise in demand, it is imperative that users are receiving food parcels that meet their requirements. The present study aimed to explore whether typical food parcels, supplied by The Trussell Trust and independent food banks, were meeting the … Continue reading

Nutritional monitoring in early childhood may detect unhealthy diet quality and prevent later health risks in children with congenital heart disease.

Hansson et al., JHND Early View   Background We have previously found that infants with complex congenital heart disease (CHD) experience growth failure despite high‐energy dietary supplementation. This is a follow‐up and comparison with healthy controls at 9 years of age regarding body composition and macronutrient intake, especially in relationship to the diet provided during infancy. Methods … Continue reading Nutritional monitoring in early childhood may detect unhealthy diet quality and prevent later health risks in children with congenital heart disease.

A systematic review of UK‐based long‐term nonsurgical interventions for people with severe obesity

Aceves-Martins et al., JHND Early View Introduction The aim of this project was to systematically review UK evidence on the effectiveness of long‐term (≥12 months) weight management services (WMSs) for weight loss and weight maintenance for adults (≥16 years) with severe obesity (body mass index ≥35 kg m−2), who would generally be eligible for Tier 3 services. Methods Four data … Continue reading A systematic review of UK‐based long‐term nonsurgical interventions for people with severe obesity

Home parenteral nutrition meets the nutritional requirements of patients with malignant bowel obstruction but cannot replace the non‐nutritive functions of food.

Sowerbutts et al., JHND Early View Background Malignant bowel obstruction is a common complication of ovarian cancer, resulting in limited oral intake. Home parenteral nutrition (HPN) may be offered to patients in this condition to meet nutritional requirements. However, it is not known how they experience being unable to eat. The present study reports how patients related … Continue reading Home parenteral nutrition meets the nutritional requirements of patients with malignant bowel obstruction but cannot replace the non‐nutritive functions of food.

Nasogastric feeding under restraint in anorexia nervosa

Fuller and Philpot JHND Early View Introduction Nasogastric tube feeding against a person's will, under restraint, can be a lifesaving intervention for patients with severe anorexia nervosa. Dietetic guidelines have been developed to support dietitians in this specialised area. Methods A modified Delphi process was used in the development of the guidelines; stage 1, initial … Continue reading Nasogastric feeding under restraint in anorexia nervosa

Impact of a service improvement programme in a well‐established radiologically inserted gastrostomy service

Carvalho and Wiseman JHND Early View Background The present study aimed to evaluate whether the implementation of a service improvement programme improved the occurrence of radiologically inserted gastrostomy (RIG) tube displacements, post‐insertion. Methods A retrospective observational study of cancer patients was conducted over a 2‐year period divided into two time points. Eighty‐two RIG insertions were … Continue reading Impact of a service improvement programme in a well‐established radiologically inserted gastrostomy service