Factors contributing to constipation in US adults

  Lower dietary fibre intake, but not total water consumption, is associated with constipation: a population‐based analysis Shen et al., JHND Early View Background Associations between constipation and dietary fibre and water intake, as well as various lifestyle factors, have not been fully evaluated. The present study aimed to investigate associations between fibre and water intake … Continue reading Factors contributing to constipation in US adults

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Predictive and concurrent validity of the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool using mid‐upper arm circumference instead of body mass index

Predictive and concurrent validity of the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool using mid‐upper arm circumference instead of body mass index Gottschall et al., JHND Early View Background Considering the difficulty in obtaining weight and height measurements of patients at hospital admission, the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST) proposes the use of mid‐upper arm circumference (MUAC) instead of … Continue reading Predictive and concurrent validity of the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool using mid‐upper arm circumference instead of body mass index

Increased physical activity after a weight loss intervention associated higher fasting fat oxidation.

Examining changes in respiratory exchange ratio within an 8‐week weight loss intervention Beatty and Melanson JHND Early View Background Maintaining weight loss is difficult, partly as a result of accompanying reductions in fat oxidation. The present study examined fat oxidation [reflected by respiratory exchange ratio (RER)] within an 8‐week, self‐led weight loss intervention. Changes in … Continue reading Increased physical activity after a weight loss intervention associated higher fasting fat oxidation.

Calcium intake improvement after nutritional intervention in paediatric patients with osteogenesis imperfecta

Calcium intake improvement after nutritional intervention in paediatric patients with osteogenesis imperfecta Zambrano et al., JHND Early View Background In several bone disorders, adequate calcium intake is a coadjuvant intervention to regular treatment. Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a collagen disorder with a range of symptoms, ranging from fractures to minimum trauma, and it is typically treated … Continue reading Calcium intake improvement after nutritional intervention in paediatric patients with osteogenesis imperfecta

Malnourished adult patients receive inappropriate or inadequate nutrition care instructions at the time of discharge.

Malnourished adults’ receipt of hospital discharge nutrition care instructions: a pilot study Brooks et al., JHND Early View Background Malnutrition remains an important yet under‐recognised problem among hospitalised adults. Although interventions exist aiming to improve nutritional status beyond hospitalisation, few studies examine how often and what type of nutrition care instructions are given at discharge. The … Continue reading Malnourished adult patients receive inappropriate or inadequate nutrition care instructions at the time of discharge.

Deficit of energy in nutrition support is associated with worse outcomes in ICU patients

Associations between nutritional energy delivery, bioimpedance spectroscopy and functional outcomes in survivors of critical illness Fetterplace et al., JHND Early View Background Patients who survive critical illness frequently develop muscle weakness that can impact on quality of life; nutrition is potentially a modifiable risk factor. The present study aimed to explore the associations between cumulative energy … Continue reading Deficit of energy in nutrition support is associated with worse outcomes in ICU patients

A portion size tool has potential to increase portion size awareness in pregnant women

Evaluation of the effectiveness and usability of an educational portion size tool, ServARpreg, for pregnant women Brown et al., JHND Early View Background Elevated blood glucose levels in pregnancy increases the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. Modifying consumption of carbohydrate‐rich foods is important for blood glucose regulation; however, the tools commonly used to assist in guiding … Continue reading A portion size tool has potential to increase portion size awareness in pregnant women