The energy and protein requirements of older adults in residential care are not met by meal provision

Sossen et al., JHND Early View Background Ageing populations show a propensity for reduced food intake, which impacts nutritional adequacy. Nutrition guidelines for residential care homes (RCHs) are currently based on serve size of core food groups and do not consider nutrient density. The present study aimed to investigate the weight of foods served/consumed compared … Continue reading The energy and protein requirements of older adults in residential care are not met by meal provision

Cost effectiveness of dietetic intervention in management of type 2 diabetes

Siopsis et al., JHND Early View Background The management of diabetes costs in excess of $1.3 trillion per annum worldwide. Diet is central to the management of type 2 diabetes. It is not known whether dietetic intervention is cost effective. This scoping review aimed to map the existing literature concerning the cost effectiveness of medical … Continue reading Cost effectiveness of dietetic intervention in management of type 2 diabetes

Diagnostic criteria for cancer cachexia and therapeutic approaches for the accredited practicing dietitian

van de Meij et al., JHND Early View Background Cancer cachexia (CC) is a multifactorial syndrome characterised by ongoing skeletal muscle loss that leads to progressive functional impairment driven by reduced food intake and abnormal metabolism. Despite the traditional use of non‐volitional weight loss as the primary marker of CC, there is no consensus on … Continue reading Diagnostic criteria for cancer cachexia and therapeutic approaches for the accredited practicing dietitian

A dietitian‐led VLCD‐based model achieved sufficient weight loss to facilitate elective surgery for most patients

Griffin et al., JHND Early View Background Elective surgery in obese adults carries a higher risk of post‐operative infection and prolonged hospital stays, and surgeons may postpone surgery for patients with obesity until they lose weight. The present study aimed to determine the efficacy of a dietitian‐led very low calorie diet (VLCD)‐based model of care … Continue reading A dietitian‐led VLCD‐based model achieved sufficient weight loss to facilitate elective surgery for most patients

Dietitian clinical judgement facilitates a person‐centredness to patient care

Vo et al., JHND Early View Background Dietitian clinical decision making in the acute care setting likely incorporates a practitioner’s clinical judgement to effectively support patient care. The term ‘dietitian clinical judgement’ is well used in clinical practice, yet is poorly defined and often used interchangeably with other concepts. The aim of this research was … Continue reading Dietitian clinical judgement facilitates a person‐centredness to patient care

Immunonutrition support improves clinical outcomes in acute pancreatitis

Zhou et al., JHND Early View Background The effect of immunonutrition is controversial compared to standard supplementation with respect to the management of patients with acute pancreatitis. Methods An online literature search on four databases (PubMed, Cochrane, Embase and Web of Science) was performed to identify all of the randomised controlled trials assessing the effects … Continue reading Immunonutrition support improves clinical outcomes in acute pancreatitis

Poor sleep has a detrimental impact on dietary intake and health

Fenton et al., JHND Early View Background Poor dietary intake increases disease risk, and poor sleep influences diet. This systematic review and meta‐analysis of intervention studies aimed to evaluate the effect of sleep health on dietary intake in adults. Methods Five online databases were used to identify studies published between 1970 and 2019. Included studies … Continue reading Poor sleep has a detrimental impact on dietary intake and health

Experiences of using portable gluten sensors among patients with coeliac disease

Wolf et al., JHND Early View Background Portable gluten sensors are now commercially available to the public, although there is genuine uncertainty within the medical community over whether they should be used for coeliac disease management. The present study described qualitatively the experience of using a portable gluten sensor for 15 adults and 15 adolescents … Continue reading Experiences of using portable gluten sensors among patients with coeliac disease

Patients with inflammatory bowel disease habitually consume inadequate fibre

Davis et al., JHND Early View Background Recommendations for dietary fibre intake in patients with inflammatory bowel disease are highly variable. Despite the potential benefits of prebiotic fibres on the gut microbiome, many patients with inflammatory bowel disease follow a low fibre diet. The present study comprehensively evaluated intakes of total and prebiotic fibres in … Continue reading Patients with inflammatory bowel disease habitually consume inadequate fibre

Relationship between intake and plasma concentrations of vitamin B12 and folate

Baart et al., JHND Early View Background Vitamin B12 and folate function as co‐factors in pathways used during physical activity. Physical activity may therefore increase vitamin requirements, leading to a risk of deficient plasma concentrations. We aimed to investigate the relationship between intake and plasma concentrations of vitamin B12 and folate in physically active adults, … Continue reading Relationship between intake and plasma concentrations of vitamin B12 and folate