Tools for assessing nutritional risk in elderly stroke patients

Nishioka et al., JHND Early View Background Malnutrition may worsen clinical outcomes in stroke patients. Few malnutrition screening tools have been validated in the rehabilitation setting. The present study aimed to assess the concurrent and predictive validity of two malnutrition screening tools. Methods We retrospectively collected scores for the Mini Nutritional Assessment Short‐Form (MNA‐SF) and the … Continue reading Tools for assessing nutritional risk in elderly stroke patients

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Differences in cravings for high-caloric palatable foods between overweight and normal weight participants

Roefs et al., JHND Early View  Background The present study examined food cravings in daily life by comparing overweight and normal‐weight participants right before eating events and at non‐eating moments. It was hypothesised that overweight participants would have (i) more frequent, (ii) stronger and (iii) a greater variety of high‐caloric palatable food cravings, and also would … Continue reading Differences in cravings for high-caloric palatable foods between overweight and normal weight participants

Increasing use of ketogenic diet services for paediatric epilepsy

  Whiteley et al., JHND Early View Background In 2012, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) Clinical Guidelines for Epilepsies: Diagnosis and Management (CG137) included, for the first time, ketogenic diets (KDs) as a treatment option for drug‐resistant paediatric epilepsy. The recommendation was made to refer children and young people with epilepsy whose … Continue reading Increasing use of ketogenic diet services for paediatric epilepsy

Discovering the predictors of successful weight loss maintenance

Evans et al., JHND Early View Background The prevalence of weight loss attempts has increased worldwide, although the extent to which sustained weight loss is achieved is unknown. There is insufficient research into weight loss maintenance (WLM) in individuals with overweight or obesity who have recently lost clinically significant amounts of weight (≥5%), particularly in the … Continue reading Discovering the predictors of successful weight loss maintenance

Adherence to a Western dietary pattern was associated with a significantly increased risk of CVD in an Iranian population

Asadi et al., JHND Early View Background Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the principal cause of mortality and disability in Iranian adults. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between dietary patterns and CVD incidence in a large sample of adults in northeastern Iran. Methods The present study comprised a prospective study of 5706 CVD‐free men and women … Continue reading Adherence to a Western dietary pattern was associated with a significantly increased risk of CVD in an Iranian population

Uncontrolled eating promotes excessive weight gain after liver transplantation

Ferreira et al., JHND Early View Background Weight gain and obesity are important issues in liver transplant (LTx) recipients. Although dietary habits are probably related to excessive weight gain after LTx, some studies have failed to demonstrate these associations. The present study aimed to assess eating behaviour and verify its association with weight gain and excessive weight among … Continue reading Uncontrolled eating promotes excessive weight gain after liver transplantation